(1) The Courts are established in accordance with Articles 10(3) and 13 of the ADGM Founding Law.
(2) Pursuant to Article 13(1) of the ADGM Founding Law, the Courts shall consist of —
(a) the Court of Appeal; and
(b) the Court of First Instance,
each having such jurisdiction as may be conferred on it by the ADGM Founding Law and by or under Part 2 of these Regulations, or any other ADGM enactment or any Applicable Abu Dhabi Law.
(3) Where, by virtue of any provision of the ADGM Founding Law or an Applicable Abu Dhabi Law or an ADGM enactment, any other court or tribunal is established, each such court or tribunal shall be a "Court" and "Courts" shall be construed accordingly.
2. Seal of Courts
(1) The Courts shall have a seal, the design of which shall be determined by the Chief Justice.
(2) The seal of the Courts shall be kept at the Registry in such custody as the Chief Justice directs.
(3) The Registrar shall have in his or her custody a stamp the design of which shall, as nearly as practicable, be the same as the design of the seal of the Courts.
(4) A document or a copy of a document marked with a stamp referred to in subsection (3) is as valid and effectual as if it had been sealed with the seal of the Courts.
(5) The seal of the Courts and the stamp referred in this section shall be affixed to documents as provided by these Regulations or any other ADGM enactment.
3. Writs, orders, judgments and process issued by the Courts
(1) All writs, orders, judgments and process issued from the Courts shall be —
(a) under the seal of the Courts;
(b) signed (including by way of electronic signature) by the Registrar or an officer of the Courts acting with the authority of the Registrar; and
(c) enforced in accordance with Article 13(10) of the ADGM Founding Law.
(2) In this section "electronic signature" of a person means the person's unique identification in an electronic form that is approved by the Registrar.
4. Register of judgments, orders and directions made by the Courts
(1) A register is to be kept, in accordance with rules made by the Chief Justice, of judgments entered and orders and directions made in the Courts.
(2) Rules made under this section may —
(a) provide for prescribed classes of judgments, orders or directions to be exempt from registration;
(b) prescribe circumstances in which judgments, orders or directions (or classes of them) are to be exempt from registration;
(c) prescribe circumstances in which an entry in the register is to be cancelled.
(3) The Registrar may fix fees for —
(a) making information in an entry in the register available for inspection;
(b) carrying out an official search of the register; or
(c) supplying a certified copy of information of an entry in the register.